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Home : Specialty Care : Center for Perinatal Care : Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) Services

Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) Services

A Maternal Fetal Medicine Specialist, also known as a Perinatologist, is an obstetrician/gynecologist that has received specialized training to take care of women with high risk pregnancies. Women are referred to meet with an MFM specialist for consultation for a variety of reasons, either prior to or during a pregnancy. The MFM specialist discusses the reason for the referral and takes a comprehensive medical history. A detailed plan of care for her future or current pregnancy is given to the patient and her primary care provider. Patients meet not only with the MFM specialist but also may meet with one of our MFM Fellows, High Risk Nurses, Clinical Nurse Specialist and others in our specialized interdisciplinary team. A MFM consult is required prior to being followed in our High Risk Perinatal Clinic.

Indications for a MFM Consultation

Maternal Conditions

  • Cardiac disease
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Cystic fibrosis 
  • Diabetes – type 1 or 2, insulin dependent GDM 
  • Hemolytic incompatibility
  • History of or current coagulation concern
  • HIV 
  • Hypertension
  • Pulmonary disease (including active asthma) 
  • Renal disease 
  • Seizure disorder 
  • Sickle Cell disease 
  • Thyroid disorders 
  • Other chronic or acute condition that may affect pregnancy 

Fetal Conditions 

  • Fetal anomalies  
  • Multiple gestation 
  • Growth restriction 
  • Other fetal condition that may affect the pregnancy 

Pregnancy Complications

  • Preeclampsia 
  • Pregnancy induced hypertension 
  • Oligohydramnios (low amniotic fluid) 
  • Polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid) 
  • Prior pregnancy loss 
  • Other condition that may affect the pregnancy