Meriter Wisconsin Heart 2601 W. Beltline Hwy., Suite 200 Madison, WI 53713 608.260.2100
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Venous disease refers to all conditions related to or caused by veins that become diseased or abnormal. Venous disease is quite common and mild venous disease is usually not a problem, but as venous disease worsens, it can become a crippling chronic venous insufficiency.
In the normal circulation, arteries carry oxygen rich blood from your heart to the body, and veins return the blood to your heart. Veins have one-way valves along their length to keep the blood flowing to the heart. As muscles contract, the blood is squeezed forward in the veins. When muscles relax, the valves shut to prevent blood from flowing backward.
If the vein walls become weak or damaged, or if the valves are stretched or injured, the system stops working normally and the blood begins to flow backward when the muscles relax. This creates unusually high pressure in the veins, resulting in even more stretching, twisting and swelling of veins. The abnormal veins with their sluggish blood flow create disorders known as venous disease.
Venous diseases include:
Leg swelling and pain
Chronic venous insufficiency
Leg skin changes
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