Meriter WomanCare Clinic 20 S. Park Street, Suite 450 Madison, WI 53715 Telephone: (608) 417-5433 or 1-888-409-3852
UW Health - OB/GYN 20 S. Park Street, Suite 307 Madison, WI 53715 Telephone: (608) 287-2830
Endometriosis happens when tissue that normally lines the inside of a woman’s uterus (endometrium) grows elsewhere in the body.
Pain during intercourse
Pain during bowel movements or urination
Abnormal menstrual bleeding
Very painful menstrual cramps
Painful and heavy periods
Chronic pain in the lower back and pelvis
Most endometriosis is found:
On or under the ovaries
Behind the uterus
On or in the fallopian tubes
On the bowels or bladder
In the fallopian tubes
Surface of the uterus
What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is the growth of cells similar to those that form the inside of the uterus, but in a location outside of the uterus. Growths of endometriosis are benign (non-cancerous), but still can cause many problems. Women with endometriosis may have no symptoms and may first find out that they have endometriosis if they are not able to get pregnant.
As the misplaced tissue grows outside of the uterus, it can cause pain, infertility and very heavy periods. It can cause scar tissue that may block the fallopian tubes. This is how it can be hard for women with endometriosis to get pregnant.
Most cases of endometriosis are diagnosed in women ages 25-35 years, but it can occur any time in women who menstruate. The condition mostly affects women who are in their childbearing years. In most cases, it is not a problem after menopause because a woman no longer has menstrual periods.
The two most common imaging tests to detect endometriosis are an ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).